Arkhip Ivanovich Kuindzhi (born Kuyumdzhi; (January 15 (27), 1842, according to another version, 1841 or 1843, Karasu (Karasevka), Mariupol district, Yekaterinoslav province, Russian Empire - July 11 (24), 1910, St. Petersburg, Russian Empire) was a Russian artist of Greek origin from the northern Black Sea region, a master of landscape painting.
Arkhip Kuindzhi (translated from Urum surname Kuindzhi means "goldsmith") was born in Mariupol (modern Donetsk region of Ukraine) in the Karasu quarter, in the family of a poor Greek shoemaker. In the metric, he was listed under the surname of Emendzhi — "a working man". The boy lost his parents early and was brought up by his aunt and uncle on his father's side. With the help of relatives, Arkhip learned Greek grammar from a Greek teacher, then, after home lessons, attended a city school for a while. According to the memoirs of his comrades, he studied poorly, but even then he was fond of painting and drew on any suitable material — on walls, fences and scraps of paper.