Konstantin Egorovich Makovsky (June 20 (2 Jul) 1839 — 17 (30) September 1915) — Russian painter, one of the earliest members of the Peredvizhniki group.
Was born in Moscow. The son of the artist and the Amateur painter, Yegor Ivanovich Makovsky, one of the founders of the "field class" on Bolshaya Nikitskaya street, which later became the School of painting and sculpture, and after 1865 the Moscow school of painting, sculpture and architecture. Brother of the artists Alexandra, Nicholas and Vladimir Makovsky. The younger sister of the artist, Maria Yegorovna Makovskaya was an actress.
In 1851 he entered the Moscow school of painting and sculpture, where, becoming the top student, easily got all the available awards.
In 1858 Makovsky entered the Imperial Academy of arts in St. Petersburg. From 1860 he participated in exhibitions of the Academy with such paintings as "Healing the blind" (1860) and "Agents of Demetrius the Impostor to kill the son of Boris Godunov" (1862). In 1863 Makovsky, together with 13 other students selected to participate in the competition for a gold medal of the Academy, refused to paint on the theme of Norse mythology, and left the Academy without receiving a diploma.
A significant change in his style occurred after traveling to Egypt and Serbia in the mid-1870s. His interests changed from social and psychological problems to the artistic problems of colors and shape.
In the 1880s, Konstantin Makovsky gaining prominence as fashionable author of portraits and historical paintings, and becomes one of the most highly paid Russian artists of the time. At the world exhibition of 1889 in Paris he received a gold medal for the painting "Death of Ivan the terrible", "the judgment of Paris" and "Demon and Tamara". Some critics of Democrats viewed him as a traitor to the ideals of the Wanderers, created, like Henry Semiradskogo, striking in appearance, but the surface meaning of the work.
In 1915, along with many other artists of his time, involved in the establishment of the company's artistic revival of Russia. In June of this year, Konstantin Makovsky, the victim of an accident (his crew was hit by a tram) died in Petrograd. He was buried at Nikolskoe cemetery of Alexander Nevsky Lavra (grave not preserved).